Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Final Solution Adolf Hitler - 582 Words

Complicity is defined as helping commit a crime or being involved in a wrongdoing. This is a story that awakens the conscience of a nation. After the Kristallnauch (also known as the â€Å"Night of Broken Glass†), the Germans wanted to expedite the pace of the Jewish emigration. They wanted to prove that the unwillingness of other nations to accept a large amount of Jewish refugees would justify Hitler’s â€Å"Final Solution†. When you think of a cruise ship, you think of a vacation with your family and friends, with gourmet food and exotic beaches. However, the voyage of the S.S. St. Louis that sailed from Hamburg, Germany to Havana, Cuba had a different cause. All of the Jews that were onboard were fleeing from the Third Reich; they called it the â€Å"voyage to freedom†. 937 Jews boarded the ship with the hope of finding a new home away from Hitler’s philosophies. The voyage of the S.S. St. Louis was known as â€Å"The Voyage of the Damned† because they were turned away by the countries they approached, which brings me to the big question, did the abandonment of countries have an impact on Hitler’s â€Å"Final Solution† to eliminate the Jews? On May 13, 1939, St. Louis left Germany sailing towards, what they thought would be safe haven. The Jewish refugees fled from the persecutions from Nazi Germany with purchased visas, and they planned to stay in Cuba until they could enter the United States. The captain knew that they might have difficulties disembarking in Cuba. Then once theyShow MoreRelatedGenocide : A Complex Item1569 Words   |  7 Pageshelps keep people afraid of their superiors. Although using genocide as a solution is a very harsh choice of action, it has helped keep populations of races down, and has also shown civilians what the power of their government is. The purpose of keeping the civilians in order is so that there are no uprisings, or rebellions. But Adolf Hitler had no interest in keeping his population down, or preventing a rebellion. Hitler was solely concerned with destroying a population because he felt that itRead MoreEssay about Adolf Hitler1405 Words   |  6 PagesAdolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th, 1889 in Braunau, Austria. He was the fourth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler. The couple’s first three offsprings died as children, but more two more were born later, in addition to Adolf’s half siblings from his father’s previous marriage. A housemaid described Adolf’s father as a strict but comfortable man, and his mother was known to give Adolf much love and affection. As a child, Adolf was very skilled at artwork, and evenRead MoreThe Final Solution Essay804 Words   |  4 PagesThe Final Solution There are two main schools of thought amongst historians about the Final Solution and only one of them is right. The intentionalist theory is that of one which places Hitler at the helm where he is seen to have had the intention from the beginning (even before his rise to power) to exterminate the Jews. International Jewry was blamed for the humiliation of Germany in the Treaty of VersaillesRead MoreThe Persecution Of The Jewish People1105 Words   |  5 Pagesthat reason that the persecution of the Jewish people was a progression of radical policy ,of an entire group of people, due to the perceived failings of the Nazis previous racial policies. Section 2 Introduction - Nazi Regime began in 1933 when Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany - 6 million Jews had been killed by the end of the Nazi regime - Both Intentionalists and Functionalists have there valid scholarly and ethical points - Notable Intentionalists –Gerald Fleming, Andreas HillgruberRead MoreThe Horrors Of The Holocaust1605 Words   |  7 Pagesoutrageous but disrespectful to those who lost their lives during the gruesome time. History states that the Holocaust was a period in time where a very fascist dictator, Adolf Hitler, killed over six million European Jews who did not fit the criteria of genetically having blonde hair and blue eye or simply mentally ill. Hitler had various strategic ways of murdering a large group of civilians at a time, such as gas chambers. These gas chambers were large rooms that would deposit gases such as carbonRead MoreWhy Adolf Hitler Was A Great Leader1200 Words   |  5 PagesLepsig English IV 31 March 2015 Why Adolf Hitler Was A Great Leader. Can you really call a Murderer a Great Leader? A â€Å"Great Leader† Can be define as a leader who is self aware, self direct, socially aware, visionary, and having the ability to motivate one. Adolf Hitler is self aware, self direct, socially aware, visionary, and having the ability to motivate. From what we know for being a Great Leader we can say Adolf Hitler was a Great Leader. I believe that Hitler was a indeed a â€Å"Great Leader†. Read MoreAdolf Hitler Was A Bad Man827 Words   |  4 PagesMarch 21, 2017 Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was a bad man who did many bad things in his lifetime. He was responsible for the Holocaust and for World War II. Who was Adolf Hitler? What motivated him as dictator of Germany? What did he do in the course of his lifetime? Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th, 1889. He was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, of German descent (Hitler). Hitler s father s original name was Schicklgruber but he changed it in 1876 to Hitler (Adolf). Hitler had three sistersRead MoreAdolf Hitler, The Leader Of The Nazi Party1153 Words   |  5 PagesAdolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi Party, had his army kill 6-11 million people. These victims varied from gypsies, homosexuals, handicapped, Jews, and more. As stated by Adolf on his autobiography Mein Kampf, he believed that he was doing God’s work by exterminating the Jews. â€Å"...By defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.† (Mein Kampf). His early life, education, and military training all have a crucial role in his rise to power during WWII. Hitler was born onRead MoreAdolf Hitlers Oppression of the German people Essay1716 Words   |  7 Pageslater and the name Adolf Hitler still rings volumes till this present day: discussed in history books, talked about amongst intellects and commoners alike, and despised by many for years to come. Upon hearing his name many may think of all the negative things Hitler has done, but few fail to analyze just how one man created such controversy amongst a nation without being stopped. The question then lies how does a man reign over country and devastate it for years to come? Adolf Hitler, a man who excelledRead MoreThe Holocaust, By Robert Burns1121 Words   |  5 PagesGermany led by Adolf Hitler from 1939 to 1945. There were millions of people that were cycled through the concentration camps that the Nazis built. The millions of people that were killed are just a small portion of the billions that were indirectly impacted by the horrible actions of the Nazis. I believe that Nazi G ermany performed inhumane acts on the people that they put into the concentration camps, therefore indirectly affecting millions, possibly billions, of people. When Adolf Hitler came onto

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

General Law in Society - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1398 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? Contents Introduction The humans and their own discipline, which protected them naturally The weaker is attacked by stronger The important characteristic of the Law of this situation My personal views on characteristic of Law in present society Conclusion Bibliography Introduction This assignment related on the subject of General Law, which I have to clarify about à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Human, are naturally protected by their own discipline. However, sometimes weaker is attacked by stronger. The law is playing a significant role in this situation.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  The main determination to explain this topic is not only gets the full marks, but also explain the importance role of Law in the society while the conflicts arise. Since the human necessaries are advanced, the society has become complicated. Religious teaches the ethics of the society for resolving the conflicts, but sometimes weaker is attacked by stronger. In accordance with my personal views that is happening because of craving as well as ignorance of human beings. I hope to describe the main reasons to weaker attack by stronger as well as the importance of the Law with special reference of branches of Law, Human rights and Buddhist concepts. The humans and their own discipline, which protected them naturally Since we born our parents teach us what is right and wrong. Therefore, they are known as à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Pubbacariya.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  Buddha has mentioned that as following; à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Brahamati mata pitaro-Pubbacariyatiuaccareà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [1] Buddha has mentioned in the sutta that the parents are à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Mahabrahamaà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [2] who become the first teacher in our life. According to the secondly and thirdly, we meet schoolteacher, friends etcà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ in our life. Their advices can consider as the own disciplines which protect us naturally in the society. After that, we are well known about good and bad. If someones behavior with good habits he will protected by his own good deeds. Buddhism has also mentioned about that as follows. à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Dhammaohave Rakkhati Dhammacarià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  [3] Therefore, most people tried to live with good because they wanted to be protected in society. Let us explain this w ith best example. I am a monk from Nepal. If I behave badly, my high priest will punish me, therefore I do not do bad deeds in society. The concept that I have that I should not do bad deeds, which have given by parents that are calling my own discipline. To conclude this subtopic if someone behaves with good discipline in the society, there are no nay chance to get punished him or get in troubles. Then let we move to next topics, where I hope to discuss the real situation in the present world. The weaker is attacked by stronger The word à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“weakerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  which has different meaning that I used to write this assignment. Here I have indicated the meaning of weaker as weak in physical, wealth, politics, education money etc. The real situation of present world looks like the rule of the jungle. According to the rule of the jungle the small animal are foods for powerful, strong animals. Deer is the meal of lion. Here lion is strong by physical power, therefo re it eats deer. However, we are human we have equal rights to live in the society. The human rights can be defined as below Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "General Law in Society" essay for you Create order The rights you have simply because you are human. A person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being Although these kinds of more article indicate about the importance of human rights in the society, the crime is increasing day by day. à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Everyone has rights to entitled to crime charge, full equal, fair and public hearing etc.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  [4] à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Not attack upon his honor and reputation.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [5] Although the society has mentioned these rights, the crime is increasing in the present world. The people are using their power to kill innocent people. They used the power of politicians to release from the jails. When the person becomes rich, he/she tried to run the rules of the jungle. The next discussion point will be if people are trying to run the rule of the jungle, then how does the Law become important to eradicate problems from the world. The important characteristic of the Law of this situation à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“All people are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection of law.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [6] While the str onger people trying to establish the rule of the jungle, the Law plays an important character in the society. As I have mentioned above that everyone are equal before the law. People made a law for their protection; therefore, the law has divided into main two parts. If someone has done Murder Cheating Assault Theft Threaten Rape Smuggling is coming under the crime of a criminalà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s actions. In addition, another part is civil actions. Law of property Law of Contract Mercantile Law Law of Delist or Tort Family Law Labor or Industrial Law If anyone has done these crimes, he/she will punish by the Law. The article describes further that no citizen shall be discriminated against on the grounds of race, religion, language, caste, sex, political opinion, place of birth or any of such grounds[7]. Here the significant character of the law can be seen in this article. The criminal might be the president of the country, he will punished by the law. Therefore, when the people tried to come out with jungle rules the Law plays an exceptional role in the society. In short, Law is equal for all citizens. My personal views on characteristic of Law in present society Actually, according to my personal views the Law in modern society is an illusion. The illusion means you can see, but there is nothing in the reality. Let us discuss some usage of articles on human rights. Article 9th This talk about à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“no one shall be arrested without any reason of crime. According to these human rights, I feel that this is illusory in the society. Police arrest the innocent people and torture them to know the truth. I feel that the law is blind. Therefore, they are arresting innocent people. They might be criminals, but if they were not criminals then who will take the responsibilities of arrest and torture. Actually, we can see the Law in the society but the people has overused it, which converted to misuse. Article 10th Everyone has rights to entitled to crime charge, full equal, fair and public hearing etc. Article 11th This article talks about the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty. However, before they proved guilty the police have already hit him and forced him to accept the crime. Article 12th Not an attack upon his honor and reputation. The politicians are always doing this crime. Therefore, I asked what the meaning of having Law in the society. That is the main reasons for saying that the Law is an illusion as well as for poor people. According to the present situation, the law is similar to Matshaya Naya or the rule of the jungle. These all Law is benefits for rich people. When poor people broke the law, then that, are criminals, but for rich people it is an accident. Conclusion As a conclusion, I would mention that the law is an illusion as well as for poor people. I agree that human are naturally protected by his or her own disciplines. At that, time weaker attacked by stronger, but law will affect only those who are poor and cannot by Law. I believe that if you are stronger you are the Law in the present situation. Although the law has sold and turned into jungle rules, but somehow law plays significant roles in the society. Therefore, what I suggest is give you kind cooperation to protect law in the society. Do not try to buy it, which turns into jungle rules. Bibliography Primary Sources Sigalovada Sutta of Digha Nikaya Dhammapala Jataka Story in Jataka Pali of Khuddaka Nikaya Secondary Sources What Buddhists Believe, chapter 12, K. Sri. Dhammananda Introduce by the constitution of the democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" chapter 1, article 12/01. Introduce by the constitution of the democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" chapter 1, article 12/02 [1] Sigalovada Sutta of Digha Nikaya [2] Hindu people consider as the highest God [3] Dhammapala jataka Story in Jataka Pali of Khuddaka Nikaya [4] Article 10th [5]Article 12th [6] Introduce by the constitution of the democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" chapter 1, article 12/01. [7] Introduce by the constitution of the democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" chapter 1, article 12/02

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Golden Compass Chapter Seven Free Essays

string(200) " finest leather jackets and blue spotted neckerchiefs, loaded their fingers with silver rings, and went to greet some old friends in the neighboring boats and drink a glass or two in the nearest bar\." Chapter Seven John Faa Now that Lyra had a task in mind, she felt much better. Helping Mrs. Coulter had been all very well, but Pantalaimon was right: she wasn’t really doing any work there, she was just a pretty pet. We will write a custom essay sample on The Golden Compass Chapter Seven or any similar topic only for you Order Now On the gyptian boat, there was real work to do, and Ma Costa made sure she did it. She cleaned and swept, she peeled potatoes and made tea, she greased the propeller shaft bearings, she kept the weed trap clear over the propeller, she washed dishes, she opened lock gates, she tied the boat up at mooring posts, and within a couple of days she was as much at home with this new life as if she’d been born gyptian. What she didn’t notice was that the Costas were alert every second for unusual signs of interest in Lyra from the waterside people. If she hadn’t realized it, she was important, and Mrs. Coulter and the Oblation Board were bound to be searching everywhere for her. Indeed, Tony heard from gos-sip in pubs along the way that the police were making raids on houses and farms and building yards and factories without any explanation, though there was a rumor that they were searching for a missing girl. And that in itself was odd, considering all the kids that had gone missing without being looked for. Gyptians and land folk alike were getting jumpy and nervous. And there was another reason for the Costas’ interest in Lyra; but she wasn’t to learn that for a few days yet. So they took to keeping her below decks when they passed a lockkeeper’s cottage or a canal basin, or anywhere there were likely to be idlers hanging about. Once they passed through a town where the police were searching all the boats that came along the waterway, and holding up the traffic in both directions. The Costas were equal to that, though. There was a secret compartment beneath Ma’s bunk, where Lyra lay cramped for two hours while the police banged up and down the length of the boat unsuccessfully. â€Å"Why didn’t their daemons find me, though?† she asked afterward, and Ma showed her the lining of the secret space: cedarwood, which had a soporific effect on daemons; and it was true that Pantalaimon had spent the whole time happily asleep by Lyra’s head. Slowly, with many halts and detours, the Costas’ boat drew nearer the fens, that wide and never fully mapped wilderness of huge skies and endless marshland in Eastern Anglia. The furthest fringe of it mingled indistinguishably with the creeks and tidal inlets of the shallow sea, and the other side of the sea mingled indistinguishably with Holland; and parts of the fens had been drained and dyked by Hollanders, some of whom had settled there; so the language of the fens was thick with Dutch. But parts had never been drained or planted or settled at all, and in the wildest central regions, where eels slithered and waterbirds flocked, where eerie marsh fires flick-ered and waylurkers tempted careless travelers to their doom in the swamps and bogs, the gyptian people had always found it safe to muster. And now by a thousand winding channels and creeks and watercourses, gyptian boats were moving in toward the byanplats, the only patch of slightly higher ground in the hundreds of square miles of marsh and bog. There was an ancient wooden meeting hall there with a huddle of permanent dwellings around it, and wharves and jetties and an eelmarket. When the gyptians called a byanroping – a summons or muster of families – so many boats filled the waterways that you could walk for a mile in any direction over their decks; or so it was said. The gyptians ruled in the fens. No one else dared enter, and while the gyptians kept the peace and traded fairly, the landlopers turned a blind eye to the incessant smuggling and the occasional feuds. If a gyptian body floated ashore down the coast, or got snagged in a fishnet, well – it was only a gyptian. Lyra listened enthralled to tales of the fen dwellers, of the great ghost dog Black Shuck, of the marsh fires arising from bubbles of witch oil, and began to think of herself as gyptian even before they reached the fens. She had soon slipped back into her Oxford voice, and now she was acquiring a gyptian one, complete with Fen-Dutch words. Ma Costa had to remind her of a few things. â€Å"You en’t gyptian, Lyra. You might pass for gyptian with practice, but there’s more to us than gyptian language. There’s deeps in us and strong currents. We’re water people all through, and you en’t, you’re a fire person. What you’re most like is marsh fire, that’s the place you have in the gyptian scheme; you got witch oil in your soul. Deceptive, that’s what you are, child.† Lyra was hurt. â€Å"I en’t never deceived anyone! You ask†¦Ã¢â‚¬  There was no one to ask, of course, and Ma Costa laughed, but kindly. â€Å"Can’t you see I’m a paying you a compliment, you gosling?† she said, and Lyra was pacified, though she didn’t understand. When they reached the byanplats it was evening, and the sun was about to set in a splash of bloody sky. The low island and the Zaal were humped blackly against the light, like the clustered buildings around; threads of smoke rose into the still air, and from the press of boats all around came the smells of frying fish, of smokeleaf, of jenniver spirit. They tied up close to the Zaal itself, at a mooring Tony said had been used by their family for generations. Presently Ma Costa had the frying pan going, with a couple of fat eels hissing and sputtering and the kettle on for potato powder. Tony and Kerim oiled their hair, put on their finest leather jackets and blue spotted neckerchiefs, loaded their fingers with silver rings, and went to greet some old friends in the neighboring boats and drink a glass or two in the nearest bar. You read "The Golden Compass Chapter Seven" in category "Essay examples" They came back with important news. â€Å"We got here just in time. The Roping’s this very night. And they’re a saying in the town – what d’you think of this? – they’re saying that the missing child’s on a gyptian boat, and she’s a going to appear tonight at the Roping!† He laughed loudly and ruffled Lyra’s hair. Ever since they’d entered the fens he had been more and more good tempered, as if the savage gloom his face showed outside were only a disguise. And Lyra felt an excitement growing in her breast as she ate quickly and washed the dishes before combing her hair, tucking the alethiometer into the wolfskin coat pocket, and jumping ashore with all the other families making their way up the slope to the Zaal. She had thought Tony was joking. She soon found that he wasn’t, or else that she looked less like a gyptian than she’d thought, for many people stared, and children pointed, and by the time they reached the great doors of the Zaal they were walking alone between a crowd on either side, who had fallen back to stare and give them room. And then Lyra began to feel truly nervous. She kept close to Ma Costa, and Pantalaimon became as big as he could and took his panther shape to reassure her. Ma Costa trudged up the steps as if nothing in the world could possibly either stop her or make her go more quickly, and Tony and Kerim walked proudly on either side like princes. The hall was lit by naphtha lamps, which shone brightly enough on the faces and bodies of the audience, but left the lofty rafters hidden in darkness. The people coming in had to struggle to find room on the floor, where the benches were already crowded; but families squeezed up to make space, children occupying laps and daemons curling up underfoot or perching out of the way on the rough wooden walls. At the front of the Zaal there was a platform with eight carved wooden chairs set out. As Lyra and the Costas found space to stand along the edge of the hall, eight men appeared from the shadows at the rear of the platform and stood in front of the chairs. A ripple of excitement swept over the audience as they hushed one another and shoved themselves into spaces on the nearest bench. Finally there was silence and seven of the men on the platform sat down. The one who remained was in his seventies, but tall and bull necked and powerful. He wore a plain canvas jacket and a checked shirt, like many gyptian men; there was nothing to mark him out but the air of strength and authority he had. Lyra recognized it: Uncle Asriel had it, and so did the Master of Jordan. This man’s daemon was a crow, very like the Master’s raven. â€Å"That’s John Faa, the lord of the western gyptians,† Tony whispered. John Faa began to speak, in a deep slow voice. â€Å"Gyptians! Welcome to the Roping. We’ve come to listen and come to decide. You all know why. There are many families here who’ve lost a child. Some have lost two. Someone is taking them. To be sure, landlopers are losing children too. We have no quarrel with landlopers over this. â€Å"Now there’s been talk about a child and a reward. Here’s the truth to stop all gossip. The child’s name is Lyra Belacqua, and she’s being sought by the landloper police. There is a reward of one thousand sovereigns for giving her up to them. She’s a landloper child, and she’s in our care, and there she’s going to stay. Anyone tempted by those thousand sovereigns had better find a place neither on land nor on water. We en’t giving her up.† Lyra felt a blush from the roots of her hair to the soles of her feet; Pantalaimon became a brown moth to hide. Eyes all around were turning to them, and she could only look up at Ma Costa for reassurance. But John Faa was speaking again: â€Å"Talk all we may, we won’t change owt. We must act if we want to change things. Here’s another fact for you: the Gobblers, these child thieves, are a taking their prisoners to a town in the far North, way up in the land of dark. I don’t know what they do with ’em there. Some folk say they kill ’em, other folk say different. We don’t know. â€Å"What we do know is that they do it with the help of the landloper police and the clergy. Every power on land is helping ’em. Remember that. They know what’s going on and they’ll help it whenever they can. â€Å"So what I’m proposing en’t easy. And I need your agreement. I’m proposing that we send a band of fighters up north to rescue them kids and bring ’em back alive. I’m proposing that we put our gold into this, and all the craft and courage we can muster. Yes, Raymond van Gerrit?† A man in the audience had raised his hand, and John Faa sat down to let him speak. â€Å"Beg pardon, Lord Faa. There’s landloper kids as well as gyptians been taken captive. Are you saying we should rescue them as well?† John Faa stood up to answer. â€Å"Raymond, are you saying we should fight our way through every kind of danger to a little group of frightened children, and then say to some of them that they can come home, and to the rest that they have to stay? No, you’re a better man than that. Well, do I have your approval, my friends?† The question caught them by surprise, for there was a moment’s hesitation; but then a full-throated roar filled the hall, and hands were clapped in the air, fists shaken, voices raised in excited clamor. The rafters of the Zaal shook, and from their perches up in the dark a score of sleeping birds woke up in fear and flapped their wings, and little showers of dust drifted down. John Faa let the noise continue for a minute, and then raised his hand for silence again. â€Å"This’ll take a while to organize. I want the heads of the families to raise a tax and muster a levy. We’ll meet again here in three days’ time. In between now and then I’m a going to talk with the child I mentioned before, and with Farder Coram, and form a plan to put before you when we meet. Goodnight to ye all.† His massive, plain, blunt presence was enough to calm them. As the audience began to move out of the great doors into the chilly evening, to go to their boats or to the crowded bars of the little settlement, Lyra said to Ma Costa: â€Å"Who are the other men on the platform?† â€Å"The heads of the six families, and the other man is Farder Coram.† It was easy to see who she meant by the other man, because he was the oldest one there. He walked with a stick, and all the time he’d been sitting behind John Faa he’d been trembling as if with an ague. â€Å"Come on,† said Tony. â€Å"I’d best take you up to pay your respects to John Faa. You call him Lord Faa. I don’t know what you’ll be asked, but mind you tell the truth.† Pantalaimon was a sparrow now, and sat curiously on Lyra’s shoulder, his claws deep in the wolfskin coat, as she followed Tony through the crowd up to the platform. He lifted her up. Knowing that everyone still in the hall was staring at her, and conscious of those thousand sovereigns she was suddenly worth, she blushed and hesitated. Pantalaimon darted to her breast and became a wildcat, sitting up in her arms and hissing softly as he looked around. Lyra felt a push, and stepped forward to John Faa. He was stern and massive and expressionless, more like a pillar of rock than a man, but he stooped and held out his hand to shake. When she put hers in, it nearly vanished. â€Å"Welcome, Lyra,† he said. Close to, she felt his voice rumbling like the earth itself. She would have been nervous but for Pantalaimon, and the fact that John Faa’s stony expression had warmed a little. He was treating her very gently. â€Å"Thank you, Lord Faa,† she said. â€Å"Now you come in the parley room and we’ll have a talk,† said John Faa. â€Å"Have they been feeding you proper, the Costas?† â€Å"Oh, yes. We had eels for supper.† â€Å"Proper fen eels, I expect.† The parley room was a comfortable place with a big fire, sideboards laden with silver and porcelain, and a heavy table darkly polished by the years, at which twelve chairs were drawn up. The other men from the platform had gone elsewhere, but the old shaking man was still with them. John Faa helped him to a seat at the table. â€Å"Now, you sit here on my right,† John Faa said to Lyra, and took the chair at the head of the table himself. Lyra found herself opposite Farder Coram. She was a little frightened by his skull-like face and his continual trembling. His daemon was a beautiful autumn-colored cat, massive in size, who stalked along the table with upraised tail and elegantly inspected Pantalaimon, touching noses briefly before settling on Farder Coram’s lap, half-closing her eyes and purring softly. A woman whom Lyra hadn’t noticed came out of the shadows with a tray of glasses, set it down by John Faa, curtsied, and left. John Faa poured little glasses of jenniver from a stone crock for himself and Farder Coram, and wine for Lyra. â€Å"So,† John Faa said. â€Å"You run away, Lyra.† â€Å"Yes.† â€Å"And who was the lady you run away from?† â€Å"She was called Mrs. Coulter. And I thought she was nice, but I found out she was one of the Gobblers. I heard someone say what the Gobblers were, they were called the General Oblation Board, and she was in charge of it, it was all her idea. And they was all working on some plan, I dunno what it was, only they was going to make me help her get kids for ’em. But they never knew†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"They never knew what?† â€Å"Well, first they never knew that I knew some kids what had been took. My friend Roger the kitchen boy from Jordan College, and Billy Costa, and a girl out the covered market in Oxford. And another thing†¦My uncle, right, Lord Asriel. 1 heard them talking about his journeys to the North, and I don’t reckon he’s got anything to do with the Gobblers. Because I spied on the Master and the Scholars of Jordan, right, I hid in the Retiring Room where no one’s supposed to go except them, and I heard him tell them all about his expedition up north, and the Dust he saw, and he brought back the head of Stanislaus Grumman, what the Tartars had made a hole in. And now the Gobblers’ve got him locked up somewhere. The armored bears are guarding him. And I want to rescue him.† She looked fierce and stubborn as she sat there, small against the high carved back of the chair. The two old men couldn’t help smiling, but whereas Farder Coram’s smile was a hesitant, rich, complicated expression that trembled across his face like sunlight chasing shadows on a windy March day, John Faa’s smile was slow, warm, plain, and kindly. â€Å"You better tell us what you did hear your uncle say that evening,† said John Faa. â€Å"Don’t leave anything out, mind. Tell us everything.† Lyra did, more slowly than she’d told the Costas but more honestly, too. She was afraid of John Faa, and what she was most afraid of was his kindness. When she’d finished, Farder Coram spoke for the first time. His voice was rich and musical, with as many tones in it as there were colors in his daemon’s fur. â€Å"This Dust,† he said. â€Å"Did they ever call it anything else, Lyra?† â€Å"No. Just Dust. Mrs. Coulter told me what it was, elementary particles, but that’s all she called it.† â€Å"And they think that by doing something to children, they can find out more about it?† â€Å"Yes. But I don’t know what. Except my uncle†¦There’s something I forgot to tell you. When he was showing them lantern slides, there was another one he had. It was the Roarer – â€Å" â€Å"The what?† said John Faa. â€Å"The Aurora,† said Farder Coram. â€Å"Is that right, Lyra?† â€Å"Yeah, that’s it. And in the lights of the Roarer there was like a city. All towers and churches and domes and that. It was a bit like Oxford, that’s what I thought, anyway. And Uncle Asriel, he was more interested in that, I think, but the Master and the other Scholars were more interested in Dust, like Mrs. Coulter and Lord Boreal and them.† â€Å"I see,† said Farder Coram. â€Å"That’s very interesting.† â€Å"Now, Lyra,† said John Faa, â€Å"I’m a going to tell you something. Farder Coram here, he’s a wise man. He’s a seer. He’s been a follering all what’s been going on with Dust and the Gobblers and Lord Asriel and everything else, and he’s been a follering you. Every time the Costas went to Oxford, or half a dozen other families, come to that, they brought back a bit of news. About you, child. Did you know that?† Lyra shook her head. She was beginning to be frightened. Pantalaimon was growling too deep for anyone to hear, but she could feel it in her fingertips down inside his fur. â€Å"Oh, yes,† said John Faa, â€Å"all your doings, they all get back to Farder Coram here.† Lyra couldn’t hold it in. â€Å"We didn’t damage it! Honest! It was only a bit of mud! And we never got very far – â€Å" â€Å"What are you talking about, child?† said John Faa. Farder Coram laughed. When he did that, his shaking stopped and his face became bright and young. But Lyra wasn’t laughing. With trembling lips she said, â€Å"And even if we had found the bung, we’d never’ve took it out! It was just a joke. We wouldn’t’ve sunk it, never!† Then John Faa began to laugh too. He slapped a broad hand on the table so hard the glasses rang, and his massive shoulders shook, and he had to wipe away the tears from his eyes. Lyra had never seen such a sight, never heard such a bellow; it was like a mountain laughing. â€Å"Oh, yes,† he said when he could speak again, â€Å"we heard about that too, little girl! I don’t suppose the Costas have set foot anywhere since then without being reminded of it. You better leave a guard on your boat, Tony, people say. Fierce little girls round here! Oh, that story went all over the fens, child. But we en’t going to punish you for it. No, no! Ease your mind.† He looked at Farder Coram, and the two old men laughed again, but more gently. And Lyra felt contented, and safe. Finally John Faa shook his head and became serious again. â€Å"I were saying, Lyra, as we knew about you from a child. From a baby. You oughter know what we know. I can’t guess what they told you at Jordan College about where you came from, but they don’t know the whole truth of it. Did they ever tell you who your parents were?† Now Lyra was completely dazed. â€Å"Yes,† she said. â€Å"They said I was – they said they – they said Lord Asriel put me there because my mother and father died in an airship accident. That’s what they told me.† â€Å"Ah, did they. Well now, child, I’m a going to tell you a story, a true story. I know it’s true, because a gyptian woman told me, and they all tell the truth to John Faa and Farder Coram. So this is the truth about yourself, Lyra. Your father never perished in no airship accident, because your father is Lord Asriel.† Lyra could only sit in wonder. â€Å"Here’s how it came about,† John Faa went on. â€Å"When he was a young man, Lord Asriel went exploring all over the North, and came back with a great fortune. And he was a high-spirited man, quick to anger, a passionate man. â€Å"And your mother, she was passionate too. Not so well born as him, but a clever woman. A Scholar, even, and those who saw her said she was very beautiful. She and your father, they fell in love as soon’s they met. â€Å"The trouble was, your mother was already married. She’d married a politician. He was a member of the king’s party, one of his closest advisers. A rising man. â€Å"Now when your mother found herself with child, she feared to tell her husband the child wasn’t his. And when the baby was born – that’s you, girl – it was clear from the look of you that you didn’t favor her husband, but your true father, and she thought it best to hide you away and give out that you’d died. â€Å"So you was took to Oxfordshire, where your father had estates, and put in the care of a gyptian woman to nurse. But someone whispered to your mother’s husband what had happened, and he came a flying down and ransacked the cottage where the gyptian woman had been, only she’d fled to the great house; and the husband followed after, in a murderous passion. â€Å"Lord Asriel was out a hunting, but they got word to him and he came riding back in time to find your mother’s husband at the foot of the great staircase. Another moment and he’d have forced open the closet where the gyptian woman was hiding with you, but Lord Asriel challenged him, and they fought there and then, and Lord Asriel killed him. â€Å"The gyptian woman heard and saw it all, Lyra, and that’s how we know. â€Å"The consequence was a great lawsuit. Your father en’t the kind of man to deny or conceal the truth, and it left the judges with a problem. He’d killed all right, he’d shed blood, but he was defending his home and his child against an intruder. On t’other hand, the law allows any man to avenge the violation of his wife, and the dead man’s lawyers argued that he were doing just that. â€Å"The case lasted for weeks, with volumes of argument back and forth. In the end the judges punished Lord Asriel by confiscating all his property and all his land, and left him a poor man; and he had been richer than a king. â€Å"As for your mother, she wanted nothing to do with it, nor with you. She turned her back. The gyptian nurse told me she’d often been afeared of how your mother would treat you, because she was a proud and scornful woman. So much for her. â€Å"Then there was you. If things had fallen out different, Lyra, you might have been brought up a gyptian, because the nurse begged the court to let her have you; but we gyptians got little standing in the law. The court decided you was to be placed in a priory, and so you were, with the Sisters of Obedience at Watlington. You won’t remember. â€Å"But Lord Asriel wouldn’t stand for that. He had a hatred of priors and monks and nuns, and being a high-handed man he just rode in one day and carried you off. Not to look after himself, nor to give to the gyptians; he took you to Jordan College, and dared the law to undo it. â€Å"Well, the law let things be. Lord Asriel went back to his explorations, and you grew up at Jordan College. The one thing he said, your father, the one condition he made, was that your mother shouldn’t be let see you. If she ever tried to do that, she was to be prevented, and he was to be told, because all the anger in his nature had turned against her now. The Master promised faithfully to do that; and so time passed. â€Å"Then come all this anxiety about Dust. And all over the country, all over the world, wise men and women too began a worrying about it. It weren’t of any account to us gyptians, until they started taking our kids. That’s when we got interested. And we got connections in all sorts of places you wouldn’t imagine, including Jordan College. You wouldn’t know, but there’s been someone a watching over you and reporting to us ever since you been there. ‘Cause we got an interest in you, and that gyptian woman who nursed you, she never stopped being anxious on your behalf.† â€Å"Who was it watching over me?† said Lyra. She felt immensely important and strange, that all her doings should be an object of concern so far away. â€Å"It was a kitchen servant. It was Bernie Johansen, the pastry cook. He’s half-gyptian; you never knew that, I’ll be bound.† Bernie was a kindly, solitary man, one of those rare people whose daemon was the same sex as himself. It was Bernie she’d shouted at in her despair when Roger was taken. And Bernie had been telling the gyptians everything! She marveled. â€Å"So anyway,† John Faa went on, â€Å"we heard about you going away from Jordan College, and how it came about at a time when Lord Asriel was imprisoned and couldn’t prevent it. And we remembered what he’d said to the Master that he must never do, and we remembered that the man your mother had married, the politician Lord Asriel killed, was called Edward Coulter.† â€Å"Mrs. Coulter?† said Lyra, quite stupefied. â€Å"She en’t my mother?† â€Å"She is. And if your father had been free, she wouldn’t never have dared to defy him, and you’d still be at Jordan, not knowing a thing. But what the Master was a doing letting you go is a mystery I can’t explain. He was charged with your care. All I can guess is that she had some power over him.† Lyra suddenly understood the Master’s curious behavior on the morning she’d left. â€Å"But he didn’t want to†¦Ã¢â‚¬  she said, trying to remember it exactly. â€Å"He†¦I had to go and see him first thing that morning, and I mustn’t tell Mrs. Coulter†¦.It was like he wanted to protect me from her†¦Ã¢â‚¬  She stopped, and looked at the two men carefully, and then decided to tell them the whole truth about the Retiring Room. â€Å"See, there was something else. That evening I hid in the Retiring Room, I saw the Master try to poison Lord Asriel. I saw him put some powder in the wine and I told my uncle and he knocked the decanter off the table and spilled it. So I saved his life. I could never understand why the Master would want to poison him, because he was always so kind. Then on the morning I left he called me in early to his study, and I had to go secretly so no one would know, and he said†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Lyra racked her brains to try and remember exactly what it was the Master had said. No good; she shook her head. â€Å"The only thing I could understand was that he gave me something and I had to keep it secret from her, from Mrs. Coulter. I suppose it’s all right if I tell you†¦.† She felt in the pocket of the wolfskin coat and took out the velvet package. She laid it on the table, and she sensed John Faa’s massive simple curiosity and Farder Coram’s bright flickering intelligence both trained on it like searchlights. When she laid the alethiometer bare, it was Farder Coram who spoke first. â€Å"I never thought I’d ever set eyes on one of them again. That’s a symbol reader. Did he tell you anything about it, child?† â€Å"No. Only that I’d have to work out how to read it by myself. And he called it an alethiometer.† â€Å"What’s that mean?† said John Faa, turning to his companion. â€Å"That’s a Greek word. I reckon it’s from aktheia, which means truth. It’s a truth measure. And have you worked out how to use it?† he said to her. â€Å"No. Least, I can make the three short hands point to different pictures, but I can’t do anything with the long one. It goes all over. Except sometimes, right, sometimes when I’m sort of concentrating, I can make the long needle go this way or that just by thinking it.† â€Å"What’s it do, Farder Coram?† said John Faa. â€Å"And how do you read it?† â€Å"All these pictures round the rim,† said Farder Coram, holding it delicately toward John Faa’s blunt strong gaze, â€Å"they’re symbols, and each one stands for a whole series of things. Take the anchor, there. The first meaning of that is hope, because hope holds you fast like an anchor so you don’t give way. The second meaning is steadfastness. The third meaning is snag, or prevention. The fourth meaning is the sea. And so on, down to ten, twelve, maybe a never-ending series of meanings.† â€Å"And do you know them all?† â€Å"I know some, but to read it fully I’d need the book. I seen the book and I know where it is, but I en’t got it.† â€Å"We’ll come back to that,† said John Faa. â€Å"Go on with how you read it.† â€Å"You got three hands you can control,† Farder Coram explained, â€Å"and you use them to ask a question. By pointing to three symbols you can ask any question you can imagine, because you’ve got so many levels of each one. Once you got your question framed, the other needle swings round and points to more symbols that give you the answer.† â€Å"But how does it know what level you’re a thinking of when you set the question?† said John Faa. â€Å"Ah, by itself it don’t. It only works if the questioner holds the levels in their mind. You got to know all the meanings, first, and there must be a thousand or more. Then you got to be able to hold ’em in your mind without fretting at it or pushing for an answer, and just watch while the needle wanders. When it’s gone round its full range, you’ll know what the answer is. I know how it works because I seen it done once by a wise man in Uppsala, and that’s the only time I ever saw one before. Do you know how rare these are?† â€Å"The Master told me there was only six made,† Lyra said. â€Å"Whatever the number, it en’t large.† â€Å"And you kept this secret from Mrs. Coulter, like the Master told you?† said John Faa. â€Å"Yes. But her daemon, right, he used to go in my room. And I’m sure he found it.† â€Å"I see. Well, Lyra, I don’t know if we’ll ever understand the full truth, but this is my guess, as good as I can make it. The Master was given a charge by Lord Asriel to look after you and keep you safe from your mother. And that was what he did, for ten years or more. Then Mrs. Coulter’s friends in the Church helped her set up this Oblation Board, for what purpose we don’t know, and there she was, as powerful in her way as Lord Asriel was in his. Your parents, both strong in the world, both ambitious, and the Master of Jordan holding you in the balance between them. â€Å"Now the Master’s got a hundred things to look after. His first concern is his College and the scholarship there. So if he sees a threat to that, he has to move agin it. And the Church in recent times, Lyra, it’s been a getting more commanding. There’s councils for this and councils for that; there’s talk of reviving the Office of Inquisition, God forbid. And the Master has to tread warily between all these powers. He has to keep Jordan College on the right side of the Church, or it won’t survive. â€Å"And another concern of the Master is you, child. Bernie Johansen was always clear about that. The Master of Jordan and the other Scholars, they loved you like their own child. They’d do anything to keep you safe, not just because they’d promised to Lord Asriel that they would, but for your own sake. So if the Master gave you up to Mrs. Coulter when he’d promised Lord Asriel he wouldn’t, he must have thought you’d be safer with her than in Jordan College, in spite of all appearances. And when he set out to poison Lord Asriel, he must have thought that what Lord Asriel was a doing would place all of them in danger, and maybe all of us, too; maybe all the world. I see the Master as a man having terrible choices to make; whatever he chooses will do harm, but maybe if he does the right thing, a little less harm will come about than if he chooses wrong. God preserve me from having to make that sort of choice. â€Å"And when it come to the point where he had to let you go, he gave you the symbol reader and bade you keep it safe. I wonder what he had in mind for you to do with it; as you couldn’t read it, I’m foxed as to what he was a thinking.† â€Å"He said Uncle Asriel presented the alethiometer to Jordan College years before,† Lyra said, struggling to remember. â€Å"He was going to say something else, and then someone knocked at the door and he had to stop. What I thought was, he might have wanted me to keep it away from Lord Asriel too.† â€Å"Or even the opposite,† said John Faa. â€Å"What d’you mean, John?† said Farder Coram. â€Å"He might have had it in mind to ask Lyra to return it to Lord Asriel, as a kind of recompense for trying to poison him. He might have thought the danger from Lord Asriel had passed. Or that Lord Asriel could read some wisdom from this instrument and hold back from his purpose. If Lord Asriel’s held captive now, it might help set him free. Well, Lyra, you better take this symbol reader and keep it safe. If you kept it safe so far, I en’t worried about leaving it with you. But there might come a time when we need to consult it, and I reckon we’ll ask for it then.† He folded the velvet over it and slid it back across the table. Lyra wanted to ask all kinds of questions, but suddenly she felt shy of this massive man, with his little eyes so sharp and kindly among their folds and wrinkles. One thing she had to ask, though. â€Å"Who was the gyptian woman who nursed me ?† â€Å"Why, it was Billy Costa’s mother, of course. She won’t have told you, because I en’t let her, but she knows what we’re a talking of here, so it’s all out in the open. â€Å"Now you best be getting back to her. You got plenty to be a thinking of, child. When three days is gone past, we’ll have another roping and discuss all there is to do. You be a good girl. Goodnight, Lyra.† â€Å"Goodnight, Lord Faa. Goodnight, Farder Coram,† she said politely, clutching the alethiometer to her breast with one hand and scooping up Pantalaimon with the other. Both old men smiled kindly at her. Outside the door of the parley room Ma Costa was waiting, and as if nothing had happened since Lyra was born, the boat mother gathered her into her great arms and kissed her before bearing her off to bed. How to cite The Golden Compass Chapter Seven, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Purpose To see if their is an effect on golf ball Essay Example For Students

Purpose: To see if their is an effect on golf ball Essay s after being soaked in water?Independent Variable: My three different brands of golf balls. Dependent Variable: Will water seep in or not and if it seeps in will it have aneffect on the golf balls distance. Control: My unsoaked golf balls. Reasearch: Per information sent to me by Titleist: Exposing a golf ball to waterhas a negative effect on the golf balls performance. On average, after one weeksubmerged in water, a two piece golf ball will lose 6 yards off a drive. The loss ofperformance for wound construction is even more significant, averaging a loss ofdistance of up to 9 yards. The History of the Golf Ball: The first ever golf ball was called the Feathery andintroduced in the 1400s it was a stitched leather pouch soaked and then stuffedwith goose feathers. Upon drying, the feathers expanded and the leathercontracted, forming an extremely hard mass. This was hammered round andpainted white. The feathery sometimes flew over 300 yards and was durable untilit got wet. Then it would split open. The Gutta percha was introduced in 1850 andwas made of a rubberlike sap from the Malaysian sapdilla tree. The material washeated to soften it and then hand-formed into a solid, one piece ball.Gutta perchawas black, so the early balls were painted white. Easier to make, less expensive,and more durable, the gutta revolutionized golf. When golfers discovered thatballs and nicks flew longer and straighter then new ones, manufactures began togive them a textured, even pattern surface. The most popular early pattern was thebramble, which featured raised round bumps in concentr ic circles. the first woundrubber ball was introduced in 1898. the three-piece Haskell was the first ball tomix distance and control. Cleveland entrepreneur Coburn Haskell, with AkronBFGoodrich engineer Bertram Work, wound continuous rubber thread underextreme tension around a small, solid rubber core, and wrapped the result in agutta percha cover. Balata rubber soon replaced gutta percha, and dimples firstappeared in 1909. The first two piece golf ball was introduced in 1968 by RobertMolitor a Spalding researcher who developed a ball consisting of a solid centerwith a tough thermoplastic cover. The two-piece ball sacrificed control fordistance but has improved so much that today it represents 70% of all golf ballproduction. Interesting facts about dimples: Through my research I have found that even theslightest change in a dimple pattern could cause you to lose many yards off of yourshot. By adding 0.001 inch to a dimples depth could boost a drive length by 15yards. Hitting a shot 250 yards without dimples could only go about 125 yards. Shallow dimples allow the ball to fly higher but without much roll at the end. Deeper dimples create more turbulence and flatten the arc of the golf balls drive. Dimples disrupt the flow of air around the ball, thereby decreasing drag, or theairs resistance to the balls movement through it. The dimples enhance lift as theballs spin increases the air velocity over the ball and reduces it below the ball. Air pressure thus is created underneath and a vacuumlike condition above, similarto the lift generated by the wings of a plane in flight.More important than thenumber of dimples is their coverage the amount of a balls surface that is dimpledand how they are distributed. The goal is more uniform dimple coverage. About70 to 80% of the golf ball is covered in dimples. The majority of dimple designstoday are based on the icosahedralpattern which Titleist introduced in 1973. Thispattern divided the cover into 20 identical triangular faces. Titleist experimentswith some 50 to 100 dimple patterns a year and has eight in current production. In 1909 spalding invented the first ball with dimples and now make three basicdimple patterns. Even the shape of dimples have changed over the years. Nolonger are they all round. Wilsons truncated cone dimple design features a flatbottom and sidewalls, for reduced drag. Bullet and Aero which I used in myproject have new dimple designs. On Bullets new ball one third of the dimples aresquare for increased backspin and Aero a brand new ball made by Top Flight hasround and tear drop dimples. Aeros tear drop shaped dimple design reducesinefficient areas of the dimple which cause drag. Less drag equals more distance. Until 1983 most golf balls had 324 or 336 dimples. The introduction of Titleist 384led to a dimple race among manufactures. It reached a peak when Excalibur GolfCo. introduced a golf ball with 812 dimples the most ever on a golf ball. Theimportant factor is coverage, no t count. There is no magic number it is how theyare put on the golf ball. 812 did not mean a golf ball would go any farther youcould get sop many that you are back to a smooth ball. The most efficient numberof dimples is 320 to 420. The average amount of dimples today is about 400. Some companies now are using software to design there dimple patterns. Aerodynamics: It was nearly the turn of the century before anyone realized thetremendous significance of aerodynamic forces for golf ball performance. Aperson who could drive the ball 200 yards in the air under normal circumstanceswould be hard pressed to beat 140 on the moon where there is no air. This is inspite of the fact that the latter case eliminates all the deleterious effects of windresistance, known to aerodynamicists as drag. Unfortunately, it also eliminatesthe vast beneficial effects of lift, the same aerodynamic force that keeps airplanesin the air. A properly designed golf ball uses these two forces in concert toproduce a remarkable degree of air worthiness, considering the less the sleekprofile of a typical golf ball. .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .postImageUrl , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:hover , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:visited , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:active { border:0!important; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:active , .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55 .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u074156e66a06cc97e0a85f4b27669e55:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: 12 Angry Men EssayHypothesis: I predict that unsoaked golf balls will reach further distances than thesoaked balls because of my extensive research on this topic. Experiment: Built apparatus to strike golf balls at consistent speeds. Soaked threedifferent brands of golf balls in water for three weeks. Took three soaked balls andthree matching unsoaked balls and conducted my study. After hitting each ballwith my apparatus four times I measured the distance each ball traveled to thequarter inch. After hitting each ball I marked it with a piece of masking tape anddocumented each onto a separate sheet of graph paper. Material List: 24 woodScrewsSluge HammerMetal RodeSoaked Golf BallsUnsoaked Golf BallTeesPaper Cup2 Hose FastenersResults: Through my research I have found some very interesting results. I havefound that Areo went the furthest of the three balls that I tested. Aeros unsoakedgolf balls went 96 5 after averaging the four tests, and its soaked golf ball went94 4 a difference of 2 1. After averaging Titleists unsoaked golf balls I cameup with the figure 95 4 and its soaked golf balls came out to 93 even, adifference of 1 8. After testing the third and final golf balls, Bullet, I came upwith the totals being rather consistent with the others. The unsoaked Bullet golfballs went further once more with a distance of 95 3and its matching soakedgolf balls went a shorter distance again with a distance of 92 5and its differencecame out to be 2 8. According to my research my findings are very consistentwith the information that I have received from the Titliest Corporation. A twopiece golf ball w ill lose 6 yards off of a average drive after just one weeksubmerged in water. Conclusion: Through my reasearch I have concluded that unsoaked golf balls willtravel further distances then golf balls that have been soaked in water. I have alsofound that an unsoaked golf ball will travel about 2.3% more then a soaked golfball. Ill tell you one thing, this project was an awsome learning experience,another way to beat my golf buddys on the course, every advantage helps in thisgame. Bibliography1. All This For A Golf Ball, Dimples Create Engineering Challenge, Evolution Of The Golf Ball,The Effect Of Altitude, Temperature, and Humidity On The Flight Of A Golf Ball, 11/3/97,Titliest And Foot-Joy Wordwide pg.3-5-7-9. 2. Aerodynamic Basic, The Dimple Patterns, New Trends In Golf Balls, 11/9/97, Wilson SportingGoods, Co. Golf Division, pg.2-9. 3. Spalding Firsts, Spalding Fact Golf Book, 11/7/97, Spalding Co., pg.4-5. 4.The effect that water has on an golf balls distance, Julie Haek, Precept, Bridge Stone,11/15/97. 5. Titliest,11/12/97 on America Online, http://www.Titliest.com. 6.Dimple Designs, Bill Richards, Dimple Designer, Titliest And Foot-Joy Worldwide, 11/11

Monday, March 23, 2020

Through the poems Essay Example For Students

Through the poems Essay Describe the conditions on the battlefield in of World War One as conveyed through the poems Dulce et Decorum est, Anthem for Doomed Youth both by Wilfred Owen and from: Counter-Attack by Siegried Sassoon. In this essay I will look at three poems Dulce et Decorum est by Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth also by Wilfred Owen and from: Counter-Attack by Siegfried Sassoon. In the above poems I will try to find different conditions that soldiers in the First World War had to suffer through on the battlefield as they fought for their beloved country. The first condition I will look at is death in Dulce et Decorum est the words used to depict death are guttering, choking, drowning The effect of this is the contrast between the battlefield and water the soldiers are not near any water, but are drowning. However the effect of a gas attack would cause the soldiers to drown internally on their own blood so this is why these hard sounding words have been used. The words are very effective conveying the conditions on the battlefield as they show the true grim and horrific results of a gas attack. We will write a custom essay on Through the poems specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Death is featured further down the poem in the fourth stanza His hanging face, like a devils sick of sin; The method used here s irony; in the quote the devil is sick of sin. However the devil is supposed to cause sin. This quote is of great importance as it implies the frightful conditions soldiers are enduring as they fight and then die on the battlefield. In Anthem for Doomed Youth death is written in a different light it is showing the soldiers families mourning for their deaths. The first line in the poem What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? is using a simile to convey the conditions on the battlefield. The men are referred to as cattle being rounded up ready to fight and then be brutally killed with no concern given to any individual man. Having soldiers compared to cattle is a very good choice of language as cattle obey every command they are given, as the soldiers would have done without a second thought as they were sent to fight. from: Counter-attack has death shown in its true horror The place was rotten with dead, Imagery is used here to give the image of masses of men slowly decomposing in the trenches and on the battlefield. The lines sound like they should say the place was rotting with dead but The place was rotten with dead gives the effect that the soldiers must have been lying in the trenches for some time to have rotten. Nevertheless the length of the war and terrible conditions like disease and vermin would have made the soldiers rot quicker. Disease is found in Dulce et Decorum est again with results of a gas attack If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, The choice of words used here gives the effect from the froth- corrupted lungs corrupted means polluted and infected these words are very strong and give the impression that this soldier will die without having any available cure. The poet has chosen to portray the truth, as it really was none of the poem has any romanticised features to it. Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud follows on from the previous quote. The simile of Obscene as cancer shows again the true destructive effects of the gas attack as cancer is one of the worst diseases in the world and to have used it as a likeness to a gas attack shows the horrific conditions of the First World War. Adding to this simile is another bitter as the cud this simile is compared to how a cow would regurgitate food. Comparing the soldiers to a cow shows the close resembl ance between the gas effects and a farmyard animal. .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .postImageUrl , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:hover , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:visited , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:active { border:0!important; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:active , .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4 .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua4bb2c463f7625c7ca4840dd97a946d4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: A mysterious character EssayThe condition mud is used in from: Counter-Attack face downward in the sucking mud Sucking mud sounds as if the mud is alive and is absorbing the soldiers into their graves. The effect of this is that there is no care for life on the battlefield and that when you die you are immediately forgotten as the mud sucks you down. The words have been chosen for this reason. Wallowed and Bulged are also words referring to mud Bulged means you swell up with water or in this case with mud, this gives another ghastly view of the battlefield conditions. Clotted heads slept in the plastering slime clotted heads show how close the dead soldiers are together us ing slept in the sentence could mean that some of the bodies are still alive and that the odd few are still twitching as you would in your sleep. Plastering slime is the hardening mud surrounding the soldiers I think plastering is a very good choice of wording because it gives the image of the stiffening mud but also adding slime contradicts it as slime is runny and wet so the overview of this image is an uneven sea of dead soldiers. Fatigue is featured in two of the poems in Dulce et Decorum est The enjambment in the first stanza is used to slow down the pace in which you read the poem. This method has been used to give the feel of tiredness that the soldiers on the battlefield are suffering. A word used to convey fatigue is trudge with this word you associate a very slow, dragging movement that has no thought to it. Men marched asleep this metaphor follows on from the use of trudge with the soldiers movements being sluggish and the soldiers having no awareness of where they are going. Drunk with fatigue; this metaphor is used to convey the sheer tiredness of soldiers it is used very well as when you are drunk you are falling about and you find it hard to stand up, speak and remember where you are. All the above quotes are showing how the soldiers are absolutely exhausted but have the stamina to carry on. In from; Counter-attack the soldiers are Pallid, unshaved and thirsty, blind with smoke The soldiers would be pale from not having sleep for days on end. They would not have been able to shave and the smoke from shells and gas would make your eyes weary and opaque. This shows how alert the soldiers must be at all times on the battlefield. In Dulce et Decorum est noise is represented in the form of shells. Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind. By saying that the shells are tired it shows the wearisome length of the First World War. The choice of wording for how the shells landed also shows exhaustion in the First World War. The word dropped has no direction or destination as you would think a shell would have. This is because of the wearisome length of the war and how everyone and everything is exhausted. In Anthem for Doomed Youth noise is coming from the gunfire and shells. Only the stuttering rifles rapid rattle Two methods are used to depict this condition. Onomatopoeia where the words used rapid rattle are the sound that the guns make giving a very quick reading of the words. This contrasts to the tiredness of the shells. The second being alliteration which adds to the effect of the sound by having both words starting with the same letter so the sentence it said quicker reflecting the sounds that a machine gun would make. These methods have been used to give the reader a more pragmatic view of the harsh sounds of how these weapons lead to some soldiers being killed, as they could not handle the continuous noise. The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells this description of the shells is showing them as being high pitched and uncontrolled. Referring to the shells as demented choirs Wilfred Owen has used personification. A choir is usually in harmony and is pitched just right. But if it werent then you would get a horrible piercing sound, which is the sound that the shells are making. .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .postImageUrl , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:hover , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:visited , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:active { border:0!important; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:active , .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98 .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u514833fd3a0333b7b65956311990aa98:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Robert Gray Poetry Analysis EssayIn conclusion I think in the three poems I have looked at Dulce et Decorum est, Anthem for Doomed Youth and from; Counter-attack did convey the conditions of the First World War well. I found it interesting the way the poems took different views to the war like Anthem for Doomed Youth did not just focus on the war but the effects it had on the people left at home. Compared to the other two that just showed the harsh reality of the conditions on the battlefield and First World War, and how no one at home in Britain new the truth of what their men suffered through.

Friday, March 6, 2020

How to Balance Study and School Sports Essays

How to Balance Study and School Sports Essays How to Balance Study and School Sports Essay How to Balance Study and School Sports Essay How to balance study and school sports Getting behind in your studies while playing on a high school sports team? Here are tips for balancing the two. Sponsored Links Many high school students play sports and go to school at the same time. This is fun, but often we find that the balance scale is tipped towards sports instead of school. Academics should always be first in life, no matter what the circumstances. You can’t shortchange school for athletics. Sometimes you may even have to give up a sport to regain what you have lost in the learning process when assignments don’t get done or lessons aren’t remembered. There are ways, however, to stop the problem before it begins. Here are a few of them. | Number 1: Never spend too much time in sports. Many athletes practice all afternoon after school, every day, cutting into homework and study time. Instead of using all your time practicing, finish your homework, review the day’s lessons, and take another look at tomorrow’s assignments to make sure you’ve got everything covered. Many athletes put off homework until the last minute, when they arrive home, tired and hungry after hours of football or basketball practice. Postponing homework is the foundation for falling behind. Finish homework first thing before or after practice. Number 2: Always pay attention in class. Students who are involved in extra curricular activities often daydream about games or doze from being tired. There is a time for everything, so during school hours, remember to focus completely on schoolwork. This will help because when doing your homework later, you’ll understand it better than if you weren’t paying attention in class. When at study hall, skim a lesson. When you have free time, take a few notes. You don’t have to study all the time, but the more you do, the better off you’ll be. You will play better knowing that your grades are going well, and your coach may be able to help get a tutor or suggest a mentor. Coaches love it when players are good students. Number 3: Know when to quit. This may seem harsh, but if you simply can’t keep up in both sports and school, stick with school. Sports can come later. School is long term. Sports aren’t. It is well known that good-paying jobs are becoming harder to find. You need an education at just about everywhere you apply. Take advantage of your free public education. If you do drop your sport, spend the former practice time catching up in your grades, then you can join the team next year, or play for a community league later. You have the rest of your life to play a sport. Pursuing a high school diploma gets harder as you get older. Get it while you can. If you follow these steps and apply them when necessary, your grades should go up and you’ll be happier. It is always better to have a good future then a great past. Your education should always go first no matter what the circumstances. I would also recommend talking to a teacher to discuss how to balance the two. School is cool! That is why you should choose to learn first. | hbsss

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Changing the Requiring for Filing for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Research Paper

Changing the Requiring for Filing for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy - Research Paper Example Sometimes it is enough to push a person to the brink of financial disaster. At one time a person could seek Chapter 7 bankruptcy protection and discharge the debt they could not afford to pay, but it is not so easy any more. When a person files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy protection, s/he acknowledges that s/he is unable to pay some or all of his/her creditors. Prior to 2005, people with jobs who just overextended themselves could file Chapter 7 bankruptcy and be free of credit card or other debt such as medical bills, without relinquishing much of their property as long as they continued to make payments on the property on which they still owed money. Chapter 7 bankruptcy, also known as liquidation, â€Å"contemplates an orderly, court-supervised procedure by which a trustee takes over the assets of the debtor's estate, reduces them to cash, and makes distributions to creditors, subject to the debtor's right to retain certain exempt property and the rights of secured creditors† (Office of the U.S. Courts, 2011). Often times, the debtor has no assets—that is s/he does not own a house, car, or other valuable goods, or, if the debtor does own them, s/he owes so much debt on them, they are foreclosed or repossessed, or, before 2005, as long as the debtor was not in arrears, creditors could not repossess or foreclose on assets of those who filed Chapter 7 as long as their payments on those assets were current. Before 2005, people who declared Chapter 7 bankruptcy often walked away from their debts with a stain on their credit history that, after a few years, no longer affected them in an adverse way. Some of these people got into trouble because they lacked the ability or desire to budget properly. Others experienced some sort of financial setback like a catastrophic illness or injury. Some went on to rack up insurmountable debt again, only to have it discharged again through Chapter 7 bankruptcy. However, in 2005 the law regarding Chapter 7 bankruptcy f ilings changed so that deadbeat debtors could not file Chapter 7 bankruptcy so easily, and if they did file, the penalties were much greater. In 2005, the bankruptcy laws changed from one that favored the debtor to one that favored the creditor. People now cannot get into debt over their heads and then just file Chapter 7 bankruptcy to alleviate the debt they cannot afford. â€Å"The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 [BAPCPA] require the application of a ‘means test’ to determine whether individual consumer debtors qualify for relief under chapter 7. If such a debtor's income is in excess of certain thresholds, the debtor may not be eligible for chapter 7 relief† (Office of the U.S. Courts, 2011). In other words, if the debtor has a job, s/he may not be eligible for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. The â€Å"means test† requires that petitioners for Chapter 7 bankruptcy â€Å"complete Official Bankruptcy Form B22A, entitled "Statement o f Current Monthly Income and Means Test Calculation - For Use in Chapter 7." This then â€Å"determine[s] whether a presumption of abuse arises† (Office of the U.S. Courts, 2011). Form B22A consists of eight pages similar to a federal tax form that examines every source of income and debt a person has, allows for exemptions of some, and sets a limit of debts between $7025 and $11,725 and a limit of greater than 25% disposable income over five years to be eligible for Chapter 7. The Golden Gate University Law Review offers a hypothetical case of a couple with $28,000 of